Janka Hardness Scale

The Janka hardnees scale was made as an industry standard to know the hardness of different species of hardwood. Typically harder is better, but some products are too hard to drive nails through. Some of these woods can be purchased in an engineered hardwood flooring. Not all of these species are available in a hardwood flooring, they are just here for informational purposes.

The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood.

HardnessHardwood Species
3840Rosewood, Patagonian
3700Olivewood, Brazilian
3692Ebony, Brazilian
3680Ironwood, Green
3670Lapacho
3580Walnut, Brazilian
3540Teak, Brazilian
3540Cumaru Chestnut, So. American
3540Chestnut, So. American Cumaru
3540Chestnut, Brazilian
3250Ebony, Macassar
3220Ebony, Gabon (African Ebony)
3220African Ebony (Ebony, Gabon)
3170Rosewood, East Indian
3100Cherry, Caribbean
3100Che, Mayan/Aztec
3000Larch
2900Cardinal Wood (Blood Wood)
2900Bloodwood (Cardinal Wood)
2820Jatoba (Brazilian Cherry)
2820Cherry, Brazilian
2800Walnut, Patagonian
2800Rosewood,Tiete
2800Che, Patagonian
2670Chestnut, Southern
2655Red Ironbark (Ironbark, Red)
2655Ironbark, Red (Red Ironbark)
2650Flamewood
2610Machiche (Ch)
2600Satinwood
2473Gum, Spotted
2450Rosewood, Asian
2400Oak, Tropical (Encino)
2400Encino (Oak Tropical)
2363Grapia (Golden Wood)
2363Golden Wood (Gra is)
2345Mesquite
2345Ivory
2300Rosewood, Caribbean Chedten)
2250Karpa (Carps)
2250Ca (K8rps)
2230Che, Bolivian
2200Rosewood, Houduran
2200Mahogany, Santos
2200Bocete
2200Angelim
2200Amberwood
2160Tigerwood
2160Goncalo Alves
2100Cedar, African, Bosse
2100Bosse, (Cedar, African)
2056Rosewood, African (Bubi)
2056Bubinga (African, Rosewood)
2045Brushbon, Northern
2025Gum, Sidney Blue
1925Merbau
1910Jarrah
1900Pearwood, African (Moabi)
1900Moabi (Pearwood, African)
1854Kempas
1820Yellowheart
1820Hickory (Pecan)
1780Rosewood, Bolivian
1770Afzelia (Doussie)
1750Tobaccowood
1750Padouk, ( Cherry, African)
1750Oak, Silky
1750Che, African (Padouk)
1750Cencerro
1683Bangkirai
1650Teak, Striped Shedus
1650Teak, African (Shedus)
1650Shedus, (Teak, Striped)
1650Shedua (Mutenye)
1650Mutenye (Shedu)
1633Red Balau (Membatu)
1633Membatu (Lauan)
1633Membatu (Red Balau)
1633Membatu (Mahogan , Philipine)
1633Mahogany, Philipine (Membatu)
1633Lauan (Membatu)
1630Wenge
1600Gingerwood
1575Zebrawood
1560Afromosia
1520Keruing
1500Sepelli (Walnut, African)
1500Maple, Patagonian
1500Maple, Brazilian
1500Ivorywood, South American
1500Ivory, Maple
1450Maple, North American
1450Maple, Hard/Sugar
1400Walnut, Mayan
1400Walnut, Caribbean
1400Tzalam
1400Merbau, Southern
1400Mahogany, Royal
1380Bamboo Natural
1375Cypress, Australian
1360Oak, White
1350Angelique
1340Oak, Brazilian
1340Amendoim
1320Ash (White, True & American)
1300Beech, European
1300Beech, American
1290Oak, Red Northern
1260Kambala (Iroko)
1260Iroko (Kambala)
1260Birch, Yellow
1260Birch, White
1200Teak, Ruby
1200Teak, Brown
1190Ramin
1180Bamboo, Carbonized/Dark
1155Teak, True
1155Teak, Thai/Burmes
1150Santa Maria
1135Mahogany, African
1100Aniegre
1080Walnut, Peruvian
1060Oak, Red Southern
1055Mindi
1010Walnut, North American (Walnut, Black)
1010Oak, Tasmanian
1010Ash, Victorian/Mountain
970Maple, Silver
960Imbula
960Chechen (Rosewood Caribbean)
950Cherry, North Arnerican
950Cherry , Black
933Hevea (Rubberwood)
910Kemba Semangkok
900Koa
870Pine, Heart
840Pine, South Yellow (Longleaf)
840Lacewood
810Laurel
800Mahogany, Honduran
690Pine, South Yellow (Lobiolly)
660Douglas Fir
540Chestnut, American
440Fir